As per details from Census 2011, Punjab has population of 2.77 Crores, an increase from figure of 2.44 Crore in 2001 census.
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The Medical Termination of Pregnancy (MTP) Act 1971 and the PNDT Act, 1994, now amended known as the Pre-conception and Pre-natal Diagnostic Techniques Act, 2002 seek to regulate and prevent the misuse of prenatal diagnostic techniques and medical malpractices which lead to planned abortions of the female foetus.
There is little evidence that suggest that the laws relating to termination of pregnancy and prenatal sex selection have been effective in reducing the sex selective abortions in India.
There was great gender disparity and the sex ratio declined very fast during past five years.
The survey was conducted with 60 selected respondents (30 males and 30 females).
The reasons for declining sex ratio are family pressures, escalating dowry, girls do not add to family income, parents consider daughter as a burden, girls are prone to sexual exploitation or a fear that she may not be happy after marriage etc.
Solutions required are more education awareness and the religion can play a vital role in this regard.Law has not been able to achieve the intended results.This calls for a good look at gender issues in all their ramifications in our increasingly dysfunctional society.In 2001, total population was 24,358,999 in which males were 12,985,045 while females were 11,373,954.The total population growth in this decade was 13.89 percent while in previous decade it was 19.76 percent.The recent technological developments in medical practice combined with a vigorous pursuit of growth of the private health sector, have led to the mushrooming of a variety of sex-selective services.